Roland Fryer recently published a report on the lessons that can be drawn from NYC charter schools. He found 5 practices that were associated with effective schools:
…five practices—more human capital or teacher feedback, data-driven instruction, high-dosage tutoring, increased time on task, and a relentless focus on high academic expectations—were consistently found in higher- achieving schools. Together, these five practices explain roughly half the difference in effectiveness between charter schools.
Fryer describes each practice as follows:
Focus on human capital. Teachers should be given the tools they need to succeed, including increased feedback from administrators and professional development at all stages in their career.
Use student data to drive instruction. data can drive more personalized and more efficient learning, allowing both teachers and students to track progress and to make sure that each student is on a path that is appropriate for her.
Provide high-dosage tutoring. Students should be offered intensive, small-group tutoring that is customized to each student’s baseline achievement and pace of learning.
Extend time on task. To make time for increased tutoring, among other changes, the amount of time devoted to instruction should be increased. Schools should increase both the length of the school day and the number of days in the school year.
Foster a culture of high expectations. from the time that students enter a school, they should understand that they are expected to succeed and that the teachers, administrators, and other staff are there to help them succeed. This environment can be created with time dedicated to setting goals, with posters encouraging college attendance, and many other steps.
This got my mind racing about what lessons might transfer to addiction treatment and how they might be adapted.
- Lessons from NEW YORK City’s Most Effective Charter Schools (charterpulse.com)
- Getting beneath the Veil of Effective Schools: Evidence from New York City (marginalrevolution.com)